Euro (EUR) zu Kroatische Kuna (HRK) Aktueller Wechselkurs, Euro-Kroatische Kuna Umrechner, EUR/HRK immer aktuellster Wechselkurs. Zur Umrechnung Kuna (HRK) in Euro finden Sie hier einen Währungsrechner mit stets aktuellem Umrechnungskurs. Zudem erhalten Sie hier für Ihre. Mai Die kroatische Regierung hat eine neue Strategie verabschiedet, die den Wechsel zum Euro innerhalb von fünf bis sieben Jahren vorsieht.
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The sessions of the Sabor take place from 15 January to 15 July, and from 15 September to 15 December. Croatia has a civil law legal system in which law arises primarily from written statutes, with judges serving merely as implementers and not creators of law.
Its development was largely influenced by German and Austrian legal systems. Croatian law is divided into two principal areas— private and public law.
By the time EU accession negotiations were completed on 30 June , Croatian legislation was fully harmonised with the Community acquis.
The main national courts are the Constitutional Court , which oversees violations of the Constitution, and the Supreme Court , which is the highest court of appeal.
Lay magistrates also participate in trials. Law enforcement agencies are organised under the authority of the Ministry of the Interior which consist primarily of the national police force.
Croatia was first subdivided into counties in the Middle Ages. The traditional division of the country into counties was abolished in the s when the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and the subsequent Kingdom of Yugoslavia introduced oblasts and banovinas respectively.
Communist-ruled Croatia, as a constituent part of post-World War II Yugoslavia, abolished earlier divisions and introduced municipalities, subdividing Croatia into approximately one hundred municipalities.
Counties were reintroduced in legislation, significantly altered in terms of territory relative to the pres subdivisions: Since the counties were re-established in , Croatia is divided into 20 counties and the capital city of Zagreb , the latter having the authority and legal status of a county and a city at the same time.
Borders of the counties changed in some instances since, with the latest revision taking place in The counties subdivide into cities and municipalities.
The latter encompasses all the counties along the Adriatic coast. Croatia has established diplomatic relations with countries.
Since , Croatian foreign policy has focused on achieving the strategic goal of becoming a member state of the European Union EU.
According to the constitution, the President is commander-in-chief of the armed forces and in case of immediate threat during wartime he issues orders directly to the General Staff.
Following the —95 war defence spending and CAF size have been in constant decline. As of [update] military spending was an estimated 2.
According to a presidential decree issued in the CAF is set to employ 18, active duty military personnel, 3, civilians and 2, voluntary conscripts between the ages of 18 and 30 in peacetime.
Conscientious objectors could instead opt for an eight-month civilian service. Uniforms and helmets worn by CAF soldiers are also locally produced and successfully marketed to other countries.
Croatia is classified as a high-income economy by the United Nations. Real GDP growth in was 6. In , Croatian exports were valued at The largest trading partner is the rest of the European Union.
Privatization and the drive toward a market economy had barely begun under the new Croatian Government when war broke out in As a result of the war, the economic infrastructure sustained massive damage, particularly the revenue-rich tourism industry.
From to , the GDP fell In the Corruption Perceptions Index , published by Transparency International , the country is ranked joint 50th with a score of 51, where zero denotes "highly corrupt" and "very clean".
The industry is considered an export business, because it significantly reduces the country's external trade imbalance. The bulk of the tourist industry is concentrated along the Adriatic Sea coast.
Opatija was the first holiday resort. It first became popular in the middle of the 19th century.
By the s, it had become one of the most significant European health resorts. Inland areas offer agrotourism , mountain resorts , and spas.
Zagreb is also a significant tourist destination, rivalling major coastal cities and resorts. Croatia has unpolluted marine areas reflected through numerous nature reserves and Blue Flag beaches.
It was also the first European country to develop commercial naturist resorts. The highlight of Croatia's recent infrastructure developments is its rapidly developed motorway network , largely built in the late s and especially in the s decade.
By September , Croatia had completed more than 1, kilometres miles of motorways, connecting Zagreb to most other regions and following various European routes and four Pan-European corridors.
A widespread network of state roads in Croatia acts as motorway feeder roads while connecting all major settlements in the country. The high quality and safety levels of the Croatian motorway network were tested and confirmed by several EuroTAP and EuroTest programs.
Croatia has an extensive rail network spanning 2, kilometres 1, miles , including kilometres miles of electrified railways and kilometres miles of double track railways.
The busiest cargo seaport in Croatia is the Port of Rijeka and the busiest passenger ports are Split and Zadar. There are kilometres miles of crude oil pipelines in Croatia, connecting the Port of Rijeka oil terminal with refineries in Rijeka and Sisak, as well as several transhipment terminals.
With its estimated population of 4. Its population density stands at The overall life expectancy in Croatia at birth was Since , Croatia's death rate has continuously exceeded its birth rate.
The Croatian Bureau of Statistics forecast that the population may shrink to 3. The population decrease was also a result of the Croatian War of Independence.
During the war, large sections of the population were displaced and emigration increased. In , in predominantly Serb areas, more than , Croats and other non-Serbs were either removed from their homes by the Croatian Serb forces or fled the violence.
Within a decade following the end of the war, , Serb refugees returned, out of , displaced during the entire war.
Serbs have been only partially re-settled in the regions they previously inhabited while some of the settlements previously inhabited by Serbs were settled by Croat refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina, mostly from Republika Srpska.
According to the United Nations report, Minority groups include Serbs 4. Croatia has no official religion. Freedom of religion is a right defined by the Constitution which also defines all religious communities as equal before the law and separated from the state.
According to the census, The largest religion after Christianity is Islam 1. Marija Bistrica is Croatia's largest Catholic pilgrimage site.
Croatian is the official language of Croatia, and became the 24th official language of the European Union upon its accession in According to the Census, Croatian is written using the Latin alphabet.
There are three major dialects spoken on the territory of Croatia, with standard Croatian based on the Shtokavian dialect. The Chakavian and Kajkavian dialects are distinguished by their lexicon , phonology , and syntax.
From to , the language was officially designated as Serbo-Croatian. Even during socialist rule , Croats always referred to their language as Croatian, instead of Serbo-Croatian.
Austrian German, Hungarian, Italian, and Turkish words were changed and altered to Slavic looking or sounding ones.
Efforts made to impose policies to alter Croatian into "Serbo-Croatian" or "South Slavic" language, met resistance from Croats in form of Croatian linguistic purism.
Croatian replaced Latin as the official language of the Croatian government in the 19th century. However, there are large municipalities that have minority languages that include substantial populations that speak these languages.
Literacy in Croatia stands at In a law was passed to increase free, noncompulsory education until 18 years of age.
Compulsory education consists of eight grades of elementary school. Secondary education is provided by gymnasiums and vocational schools.
As of [update] , there are 2, elementary schools and schools providing various forms of secondary education. There are elementary and secondary level music and art schools , as well as schools for disabled children and youth and 74 schools for adults.
It comprises three compulsory subjects Croatian language, mathematics, and a foreign language and optional subjects and is a prerequisite for university education.
There are companies, government or education system institutions and non-profit organisations in Croatia pursuing scientific research and development of technology.
Croatia has a universal health care system, whose roots can be traced back to the Hungarian-Croatian Parliament Act of , providing a form of mandatory insurance of all factory workers and craftsmen.
In , annual healthcare related expenditures reached There are hundreds of healthcare institutions in Croatia, including 79 hospitals and clinics with 23, beds.
There are 63 emergency medical service units, responding to more than a million calls. The principal cause of death in was cardiovascular disease at Because of its geographical position, Croatia represents a blend of four different cultural spheres.
It has been a crossroads of influences from western culture and the east—ever since the schism between the Western Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire —and also from Mitteleuropa and Mediterranean culture.
The Ministry of Culture is tasked with preserving the nation's cultural and natural heritage and overseeing its development. Further activities supporting the development of culture are undertaken at the local government level.
The country is also rich with intangible culture and holds fifteen of UNESCO's World's intangible culture masterpieces , ranking fourth in the world.
Croatia has 91 professional theatres, 29 professional children's theatres and 56 amateur theatres visited by more than 1.
The professional theatres employ 1, artists. There are cinemas with attendance exceeding 4. Furthermore, there are 1, libraries in the country, containing In , 7, books and brochures were published, along with 2, magazines and newspapers.
There are also radio stations and 25 TV stations operating in the country. Croatia is categorised as having established a very high level of human development in the Human Development Index , with a high degree of equality in HDI achievements between women and men.
Architecture in Croatia reflects influences of bordering nations. Austrian and Hungarian influence is visible in public spaces and buildings in the north and in the central regions, architecture found along coasts of Dalmatia and Istria exhibits Venetian influence.
The oldest preserved examples of Croatian architecture are the 9th-century churches, with the largest and the most representative among them being Church of St.
Besides the architecture encompassing the oldest artworks in Croatia, there is a long history of artists in Croatia reaching to the Middle Ages.
In that period the stone portal of the Trogir Cathedral was made by Radovan , representing the most important monument of Romanesque sculpture from Medieval Croatia.
With the waning of the Ottoman Empire, art flourished during the Baroque and Rococo. The 19th and the 20th centuries brought about affirmation of numerous Croatian artisans, helped by several patrons of the arts such as bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer.
The freedom of the press and the freedom of speech are guaranteed by the constitution of Croatia. Despite the provisions fixed in the constitution, freedoms of press and speech in Croatia have been classified as partly free since by Freedom House , the independent nongovernmental organisation that monitors press freedom worldwide.
Namely the country has been ranked 85th of countries ,  and the Freedom House report noted improvement of applicable legislation reflecting Croatia's accession to the EU, yet pointed out instances of politicians' attempts to hinder investigative journalism and influence news reports contents, difficulties regarding public access to information , and that most of print media market is controlled by German-owned Hanza Media and Austrian-owned Styria Media Group.
The incidents were mainly perpetrated against journalists investigating war crimes and organised crime. In addition there are 21 regional or local DVB-T television channels.
There are newspapers and 2, magazines published in Croatia. Other influential newspapers are Novi list and Slobodna Dalmacija. Croatia's film industry is small and heavily subsidised by the government, mainly through grants approved by the Ministry of Culture with films often being co-produced by HRT.
Croatian traditional cuisine varies from one region to another. Dalmatia and Istria draw upon culinary influences of Italian and other Mediterranean cuisines which prominently feature various seafood, cooked vegetables and pasta, as well as condiments such as olive oil and garlic.
The continental cuisine is heavily influenced by Austrian , Hungarian , and Turkish culinary styles. In that area, meats, freshwater fish and vegetable dishes are predominant.
There are two distinct wine-producing regions in Croatia. The continental region in the northeast of the country, especially Slavonia, is capable of producing premium wines, particularly whites.
Along the north coast, Istrian and Krk wines are similar to those produced in neighbouring Italy, while further south in Dalmatia, Mediterranean-style red wines are the norm.
There are more than , active sportspeople in Croatia. The Croatian Football Federation Croatian: Hrvatski nogometni savez , with more than , registered players, is the largest sporting association in the country.
In season —11, it attracted , spectators. Croatian athletes competing at international events since Croatian independence in won 44 Olympic medals , including fifteen gold medals—at the and Summer Olympics in handball , Summer Olympics in weightlifting , and Winter Olympics in alpine skiing , Summer Olympics in discus throw , trap shooting , and water polo , and in Summer Olympics in shooting , rowing , discus throw , sailing and javelin throw.
Croatian athletes also won the Davis Cup. The governing sports authority in the country is the Croatian Olympic Committee Croatian: Hrvatski olimpijski odbor , founded on 10 September and recognised by the International Olympic Committee since 17 January , in time to permit the Croatian athletes to appear at the Winter Olympics in Albertville , France representing the newly independent nation for the first time at the Olympic Games.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Roman provinces of the Lower Danube. Old historical map from Droysens Historical Atlas, History of Croatia before the Croats.
Kingdom of Croatia Habsburg and Austria-Hungary. Protected areas of Croatia. Politics of Croatia and Human rights in Croatia. Foreign relations of Croatia.
Republic of Croatia Armed Forces. Transport in Croatia and Energy in Croatia. Demographics of Croatia and Croats.
Religion in Croatia  religion percent Roman Catholicism. Languages of Croatia , Serbo-Croatian , and Croatian language.
Croatian art , Architecture of Croatia , and Croatian literature. Media of Croatia and Cinema of Croatia. Croatian cuisine and Croatian wine.
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